The United States had a trade surplus with NAFTA countries of $28.3 billion for services in 2009 and a trade deficit of $94.6 billion (36.4% per year) in 2010. This trade deficit represented 26.8% of the total U.S. trade deficit.  A 2018 study on international trade published by the Center for International Relations identified irregularities in NAFTA trade patterns using network theory analysis techniques. The study showed that the U.S. trade balance was influenced by the potential for tax evasion in Ireland.  During her election campaign, Hillary Clinton felt that the agreement was flawed. Both Clinton and Obama promised to change them. Many organized resistance to NAFTA have focused on the fear that the removal of trade barriers will encourage U.S. companies to get carried away and settle in Mexico to use cheap labour. This concern increased in the early years of the 2000s, when the economy experienced a recession and the subsequent recovery turned out to be a «recovery in unemployment». Opposition to NAFTA was also strong among environmental groups, who said that the anti-pollution elements in the treaty were woefully inadequate.
This criticism has not wavered since the implementation of NAFTA. In fact, Mexico and Canada have been cited on several occasions for environmental infidelities. The Department of Employment and Training Administration (ETA) is expanding protection and assistance to U.S. workers affected by foreign trade by revising its rules for the Trade Adjustment Assistance Program (AAT) for workers. This final rule will be, among other things, for… Finally, the 2008 financial crisis had a profound impact on the global economy, making it difficult to determine the effects of a trade agreement. Apart from some areas where the effect is not yet entirely clear, NAFTA has had a fairly obvious impact on the North American economies. The fact that it is now in danger of being abolished probably has little to do with its own merits or mistakes, and much more so with automation, the rise of China and the political consequences of September 11 and the 2008 financial crisis.